William Blake (1757-1827)
On the surface, the poem describes Dante's travels through Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven; but at a deeper level, it represents, allegorically, the soul's journey towards God. At this deeper level, Dante draws on medieval Christian theology and philosophy, especially Thomistic philosophy and the Summa Theologica of Thomas Aquinas. Consequently, the Divine Comedy has been called "the Summa in verse".
The work was originally simply titled Commedìa and was later christened Divina by Giovanni Boccaccio. The first printed edition to add the word divina to the title was that of the Venetian humanist Lodovico Dolce, published in 1555 by Gabriele Giolito de' Ferrari.
Some Illustrations to Dante's "Divine Comedy", 1824-27
"Dante Running from the Three Beasts"
"The Circle of the Lustful: Francesca Da Rimini"
"Dante and Beatrice in the Constellation of Gemini and the Sphere of Flame"
"The Goddess of Fortune"
"The Angel at the Gate of Dis"
"The Blasphemers with the Usurers and the Sodomites"
"The Necromancers and Augers"
"The Devils with Dante and Virgil by the Side of the Pool"
"The Vestibule of Hell and the Souls Mustering to Cross the Acheron"
"The Serpent Attacking Vanni Fucci"
"The Primaeval Giants Sunk in the Soil"
"The Angel Inviting Dante to Enter the Fire"
"The Queen of Heaven in Glory"